Padding

The Padding class may be used to add whitespace around text or other renderable. The following example will print the word “Hello” with a padding of 1 character, so there will be a blank line above and below, and a space on the left and right edges:

from rich import print
from rich.padding import Padding
test = Padding("Hello", 1)
print(test)

You can specify the padding on a more granular level by using a tuple of values rather than a single value. A tuple of 2 values sets the top/bottom and left/right padding, whereas a tuple of 4 values sets the padding for top, right, bottom, and left sides. You may recognize this scheme if you are familiar with CSS.

For example, the following displays 2 blank lines above and below the text, and a padding of 4 spaces on the left and right sides:

from rich import print
from rich.padding import Padding
test = Padding("Hello", (2, 4))
print(test)

The Padding class can also accept a style argument which applies a style to the padding and contents, and an expand switch which can be set to False to prevent the padding from extending to the full with of the terminal. Here’s an example which demonstrates both these arguments:

from rich import print
from rich.padding import Padding
test = Padding("Hello", (2, 4), style="on blue", expand=False)
print(test)

Note that, as with all Rich renderables, you can use Padding any context. For instance, if you want to emphasize an item in a Table you could add a Padding object to a row with a padding of 1 and a style of “on red”.