Source code for rich.markup

from ast import literal_eval
from operator import attrgetter
import re
from typing import Callable, Iterable, List, Match, NamedTuple, Optional, Tuple, Union

from .errors import MarkupError
from .style import Style
from .text import Span, Text
from .emoji import EmojiVariant
from ._emoji_replace import _emoji_replace

RE_TAGS = re.compile(

RE_HANDLER = re.compile(r"^([\w\.]*?)(\(.*?\))?$")

[docs]class Tag(NamedTuple): """A tag in console markup.""" name: str """The tag name. e.g. 'bold'.""" parameters: Optional[str] """Any additional parameters after the name.""" def __str__(self) -> str: return ( if self.parameters is None else f"{} {self.parameters}" ) @property def markup(self) -> str: """Get the string representation of this tag.""" return ( f"[{}]" if self.parameters is None else f"[{}={self.parameters}]" )
_ReStringMatch = Match[str] # regex match object _ReSubCallable = Callable[[_ReStringMatch], str] # Callable invoked by re.sub _EscapeSubMethod = Callable[[_ReSubCallable, str], str] # Sub method of a compiled re
[docs]def escape( markup: str, _escape: _EscapeSubMethod = re.compile(r"(\\*)(\[[a-z#\/].*?\])").sub ) -> str: """Escapes text so that it won't be interpreted as markup. Args: markup (str): Content to be inserted in to markup. Returns: str: Markup with square brackets escaped. """ def escape_backslashes(match: Match[str]) -> str: """Called by re.sub replace matches.""" backslashes, text = match.groups() return f"{backslashes}{backslashes}\\{text}" markup = _escape(escape_backslashes, markup) return markup
def _parse(markup: str) -> Iterable[Tuple[int, Optional[str], Optional[Tag]]]: """Parse markup in to an iterable of tuples of (position, text, tag). Args: markup (str): A string containing console markup """ position = 0 _divmod = divmod _Tag = Tag for match in RE_TAGS.finditer(markup): full_text, escapes, tag_text = match.groups() start, end = match.span() if start > position: yield start, markup[position:start], None if escapes: backslashes, escaped = _divmod(len(escapes), 2) if backslashes: # Literal backslashes yield start, "\\" * backslashes, None start += backslashes * 2 if escaped: # Escape of tag yield start, full_text[len(escapes) :], None position = end continue text, equals, parameters = tag_text.partition("=") yield start, None, _Tag(text, parameters if equals else None) position = end if position < len(markup): yield position, markup[position:], None
[docs]def render( markup: str, style: Union[str, Style] = "", emoji: bool = True, emoji_variant: Optional[EmojiVariant] = None, ) -> Text: """Render console markup in to a Text instance. Args: markup (str): A string containing console markup. emoji (bool, optional): Also render emoji code. Defaults to True. Raises: MarkupError: If there is a syntax error in the markup. Returns: Text: A test instance. """ emoji_replace = _emoji_replace if "[" not in markup: return Text( emoji_replace(markup, default_variant=emoji_variant) if emoji else markup, style=style, ) text = Text(style=style) append = text.append normalize = Style.normalize style_stack: List[Tuple[int, Tag]] = [] pop = style_stack.pop spans: List[Span] = [] append_span = spans.append _Span = Span _Tag = Tag def pop_style(style_name: str) -> Tuple[int, Tag]: """Pop tag matching given style name.""" for index, (_, tag) in enumerate(reversed(style_stack), 1): if == style_name: return pop(-index) raise KeyError(style_name) for position, plain_text, tag in _parse(markup): if plain_text is not None: append(emoji_replace(plain_text) if emoji else plain_text) elif tag is not None: if"/"): # Closing tag style_name =[1:].strip() if style_name: # explicit close style_name = normalize(style_name) try: start, open_tag = pop_style(style_name) except KeyError: raise MarkupError( f"closing tag '{tag.markup}' at position {position} doesn't match any open tag" ) from None else: # implicit close try: start, open_tag = pop() except IndexError: raise MarkupError( f"closing tag '[/]' at position {position} has nothing to close" ) from None if"@"): if open_tag.parameters: handler_name = "" parameters = open_tag.parameters.strip() handler_match = RE_HANDLER.match(parameters) if handler_match is not None: handler_name, match_parameters = handler_match.groups() parameters = ( "()" if match_parameters is None else match_parameters ) try: meta_params = literal_eval(parameters) except SyntaxError as error: raise MarkupError( f"error parsing {parameters!r} in {open_tag.parameters!r}; {error.msg}" ) except Exception as error: raise MarkupError( f"error parsing {open_tag.parameters!r}; {error}" ) from None if handler_name: meta_params = ( handler_name, meta_params if isinstance(meta_params, tuple) else (meta_params,), ) else: meta_params = () append_span( _Span( start, len(text), Style(meta={ meta_params}) ) ) else: append_span(_Span(start, len(text), str(open_tag))) else: # Opening tag normalized_tag = _Tag(normalize(, tag.parameters) style_stack.append((len(text), normalized_tag)) text_length = len(text) while style_stack: start, tag = style_stack.pop() style = str(tag) if style: append_span(_Span(start, text_length, style)) text.spans = sorted(spans[::-1], key=attrgetter("start")) return text
if __name__ == "__main__": # pragma: no cover MARKUP = [ "[red]Hello World[/red]", "[magenta]Hello [b]World[/b]", "[bold]Bold[italic] bold and italic [/bold]italic[/italic]", "Click [link=]here[/link] to visit my Blog", ":warning-emoji: [bold red blink] DANGER![/]", ] from rich.table import Table from rich import print grid = Table("Markup", "Result", padding=(0, 1)) for markup in MARKUP: grid.add_row(Text(markup), markup) print(grid)